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Crime is an issue of increasing concern around the world, and more money than ever before is being spent on the detection and punishment of criminal activity. The reasons why people commit crime are countless, but drugs and alcohol, social problems and poverty play a major role. To solve these problems, governments can either focus on draconian punishments, or improve employment opportunities, invest in good housing projects and tackle drug and alcohol abuse.
One of the main causes of criminality is the use, sale and trafficking of narcotics. For example, the sale of drugs is organised by armed criminal gangs who illegally traffick drugs and control their business with extreme violence. Drug-related crime does not end there; drug users often steal to fund theft habit, resulting in further acts of petty crime. The social problems connected with crime are said to be the result of single-parent families, absent role models and bad living conditions. The children from these broken families often become criminals because they feel alienated from society. Poverty is also a reason behind crime. When unskilled jobs pay so little and prices are so high, it’s easy to see why some turn to crime for an income.
Crime can of, course, be dealt with by toughening criminal laws and introducing longer custodial sentences for persistent criminals, but some of the best ways to deal with crime may be to deal with the social causes. Increasing employment opportunities in poorer areas would improve living standards, which would mean access to affordable housing and education. Government funding for drug and alcohol rehabilitation programmes would help reduce dependence on stimulants and the need for the criminal activity that surrounds them.
In conclusion, crime is a major issue, but cracking down on offenders with a harsh penal system is not the only way. These problems can be solved through the government providing jobs and funding which should raise living standards and dramatically reduce crime levels.
Question 1 of 2
You’re going to hear a short talk about crime.
You will hear the talk twice. The first time you listen, you cannot take notes
After the first time, try and summarise what the speaker is generally talking about in one or two sentences.
[reveal heading=”%image% ANSWER”]
ANSWER: The talk is about the causes of and the solutions to crime
Record your marks below[/reveal]CorrectIncorrect
Question 2 of 2
Now listen again. This time you can make notes if you want to.
After you have heard the recording again, you will have 1 minute to summarise the causes of and the solutions to crime.
Are you ready? Press “play”.
[reveal heading=”%image% 1 MINUTE TIMER”]
When the audio stops, you have about one minute to give your answer to the examiner.
Use this timer to practise for your exam
[reveal heading=”%image% ANSWERS”]
Causes of crime
- Social problems: single-parent families, absent role models and bad living conditions
Solutions to crime
- Tougher laws
- Increase employment opportunities in poorer areas
- Government funding for drug and alcohol rehabilitation programmes
How many could you remember?
3 x causes
3 x solutions